Authors Can Be Stupid: Agency Model Pays Authors Less…

An excellent post by April Hamilton over at got me looking at the actual numbers on the money paid to authors under the old system for the Kindle, and the new Agency Model. Under the old model, ebook royalties were still connected to the cover price of a physical book. Under the agency model, they are linked to the retail price of the ebook. In both cases the author gets a cut of what the publisher receives.

Under the old model, it didn’t matter what Amazon decided to sell the book for. Amazon would pay the publisher 50% of the cover price. The author would then get his cut of that. (Prior to 2009, most contracts called for publishers to split that income 50-50. New contracts have been pushing a 25/75 split in favor of the publisher.) An author with a 25% ebook royalty rate, under the old system, would be getting 12.5% of the cover price for each sale, regardless of the discounted ebook price. Because most authors have a 10% royalty rate on physical books, every ebook copy sold by Amazon actually resulted in an increase in the amount of money the author got. Under that old model, ebook sales were better than hardback sales for an author, as the chart below indicates on the first two lines.

Under the new Agency Model, publishers will set their own prices for ebooks, with the $14.99-$12.99 price range for most hardbacks being commonly cited. Prices as low as $4.99 for older books has also been mentioned. The publisher will then get 70% of the money collected for each sale. Because authors get 25% of this 70%, their effective royalty rate is 17.5%, based on the ebook price.

As lines 3 & 4 on the chart show, under the agency model, authors who have a hardback selling for $27.99, and the ebook version selling for $14.99 will make twenty cents less on an ebook transaction over the hardback sale and nearly a dollar less than on an ebook sale under the original Amazon model. And if we were to set the price lower, to the Amazon-desired price point of $9.99, authors fare even worse.

So, the great victory over Amazon actually costs authors money.

The chart’s last five lines examine the price structure for paperback sales and the percentages for authors who signed contracts prior to 2009 and have a higher percentage of ebook receipts. While paperback-level pricing returns are slightly better for ebook sales over paper sales; you’ll notice a significant increase under the old contracts where a 50% share of the net receipts translates into a 35% royalty on retail price.

In short, before publishers decided to get greedy with a market niche that they all claim is somewhere between 1-10% of the business, writers did a lot better. Amazon and their pricing structure, which actually was being subsidized by Amazon, paid authors more, pure and simple.

Let’s be clear. Publishers are fighting for the agency model and the right to to set their own prices simply because they make more money that way. They, just like Amazon and every other corporation, acts in its own enlightened self-interest. What they think of as enlightened, however, can appear to many of us as short-sighted. As I showed previously, digital sales are actually more profitable for publishers, so they should hasten the transition and use that money to underwrite physical publication—much as Baen Books does.

It is also critical to point out that writers, while they have a dog in this fight, have no voice in it. Why do authors accept 25% of ebook receipts today when, two years ago the offer was 50%? Because we have no choice, or, rather, the choice is take it or leave it. If your boss comes to you today and says, “Either you take a 15% pay cut or I have to fire you,” what do you? If you have no alternatives, you accept the paycut

So, where’s the silver lining? How do authors win with the Agency Model?

Publish work electronically yourself. Then you’re not splitting the take with anyone aside from the retailer. (And you get the money faster.) Every author should realize something critical. If the publishers are pushing to maximize their money for digital publications by taking money from Amazon, and taking money from authors, they clearly believe this market segments is going to grow quickly. The fact is we’ve already seen demographic data that suggests that people who own ereaders buy more.

Authors can benefit directly by publishing themselves. Even if it’s not new material, but short stories and out of print books, it will sell. If you don’t do it, you leave money on the table.

And if you don’t do it, you won’t have an alternative when the publishers come to you and say, “You know what, 25% is too much for you for ebook sales. 15% or we have to let you go.” That day will come, and all writers want to be ready.

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9 Responses to “Authors Can Be Stupid: Agency Model Pays Authors Less…”

  1. Another thing to consider is how closely Amazon is trying to follow the iTunes model. The major reason iTunes was able to create its huge download market was because of the low price point for songs. While publishers may not think they can survive at the lower price point, authors definitely can.

    I seriously doubt many readers are going to pay $15 for a digital hardcover that is no different from the $8-10 digital paperback that is released later on. I think authors should definitely self-publish, but they also need to keep their price points relatively low to encourage more readers to buy.

  2. The numbers aren’t in dispute. The trade made by publishers (and by authors, through their publishers) isn’t only for less money– it’s for a sustainable price model.

    Amazon wasn’t going to continue paying hardcover prices for books. That buying behavior continues only until Amazon secures a monopoly in the ebook market and can then dictate terms.

    This isn’t a win for authors, but it’s not a loss either. They’ll have to continue to negotiate with the devil they know (publishers) instead of needing to switch in a few years to the devil they don’t (Amazon as ebook publisher).

  3. Amazon was never going to corner the market on ebook sales. They never demanded exclusivity and didn’t support the epub format, leaving gaping holes through which folks who didn’t want to offer things for the Kindle could bring product to market. And despite what authors and publishers might want you to believe about Amazon’s plans for monopoly, they never believed Amazon would have it. If they had, they would have fought Amazon before Apple came out with its agency model. They didn’t. It’s retro-justification for greed.

    Ultimately this is not a sustainable price model unless publishers lower their overhead. Any other business would. They won’t, they’ll make prices creep up even though they’ll never have the price of paper to blame it on any more.

  4. Amazon did have some demands, however. It’s not exactly exclusivity, but not being able to offer that same ebook in a lower priced format through other retailers could certainly be read that way.

    I’m not going to cheerlead for publishers. Their model is broken. But the terms Amazon wanted were just as harmful, if not more, to authors in the long run as the agency model.

    Authors are going to have success with ebooks by using as many formats and retailers as they can.

  5. My question is how do you think currently unpublished writers are going to fare when these new “boilerplate” publishing contracts start coming out where an author must sell electronic rights or get no contract? An unpublished author does not have out of print books to self publish. They have no establish audience eager to see a self published short story. I like the idea of self publishing my books electronically. I feel I have the knowledge and ability to create these files myself. However, when I do finally get a publishing contract I doubt I will be able to keep the electronic rights for myself and still have a contract. Will the electronic rights in future contracts be negotiable? I doubt publishers will give those rights up.

  6. You’re right. A traditional publisher won’t give up those rights. But there are plenty of things you can do that will allow you to make money through digital publishing that are related to your book. As I noted in my posts, I go into a lot of this sort of stuff in my newsletter, The Secrets. Specifically, the most recent issue, #135, details a great number of items you can do. If you click on the link up top that takes you to the store, you can determine if $25 for 25 issues is a good price for solidifying a career in the future.

  7. The idea of “best price” guarantees is not new with Amazon, and has been in force for at least the last two years in the contract I have with Amazon. Best price is commonly used to avoid having a producer/competitor avoid undercutting a retail outlet by going direct. Again, nothing new at all, and business as usual in the retail end of things.

  8. $14.99 for an e-book?

    It sounds to me like they’re trying to discourage sales. There’s no way I could ever see my way clear to paying that much for what amounts to a text file.


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